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:: Volume 5, Number 4 (12-2015) ::
Iran J Ped Hematol Oncol 2015, 5(4): 179-185 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of Nosocomial Infection in Patients at hematology-oncology ward of Dr. Sheikh children’s hospital
Dr A Ghasemi , Dr H Farhangi, Dr Z Badiee, Dr A Banihashem, Dr MR Mosaddegh
Abstract:   (896 Views)

Background

Infections in critical care unit are high, and they are serious hospital problems. Infections acquired during the hospital stay are generally called nosocomial infections, initially known as infections arising after 48 h of hospital admission. The mostfrequent nosocomial infections (urinary, respiratory, gastroenteritis and blood stream infection) were common in patients at hospital.The aim was to study, the current status of nosocomial infection, rate of infection among hospitalized children at hematology-oncology ward of Dr. Sheikh children’s hospital, Mashhad, Iran.

Materials and Methods

Data were collected from 200 patient's records presented with symptoms of nosocomial infection at hematology-oncology ward of Dr. Sheikh children’s hospital from March 2014 to September 2014. Descriptive statistics using percentage was calculated.

Results

Incidence of nosocomial infections inpatients athematology-oncology ward was 31% (62/200). Of which 69.35% (43/62) blood stream infection being the most frequent followed by 30.64% (19/62) was urinary tract infection (UTI), and the most common blood culture isolate was been  Staphylococcus epidermidis 18 (41.86%), andour study showed that large numbers ofnosocomial UTIs causing by Gram‑negative bacteria.

Conclusion

This study showed blood stream infection and UTI are the common nosocomial infections among patients athematology-oncology ward. Early recognition of infections and short term use of invasive devices along with proper infection control procedures can significantly decrease the incidence of nosocomial infections in patients.

Keywords: Nosocomial Infection, Urinary, Respiratory, Blood Stream Infection
Full-Text [PDF 149 kb]   (289 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/12/1 | Accepted: 2015/12/1 | Published: 2015/12/1
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Ghasemi A, Farhangi H, Badiee Z, Banihashem A, Mosaddegh M. Evaluation of Nosocomial Infection in Patients at hematology-oncology ward of Dr. Sheikh children’s hospital. Iran J Ped Hematol Oncol. 2015; 5 (4) :179-185
URL: http://ijpho.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-227-en.html
Volume 5, Number 4 (12-2015) Back to browse issues page
Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
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