Volume 4, Issue 2 (6-2014)                   Iran J Ped Hematol Oncol 2014, 4(2): 78-83 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (19333 Views)
Background Autoimmune hemolytic anemia is a hematologic disorder that is rarely observed in infants and young children. Most of the cases are associated with viral or bacterial infections. In some cases, AIHA can be characterized by a chronic course and an unsatisfactory control of hemolysis, thus requiring prolonged immunosuppressive therapy. Case report Especially in children younger than 2 years of age, the clinical course of the disease may show either resistance to steroids or dependence on high-dose steroids. We report here an infant fatal autoimmune Conclusion This case suggests that investigation for the presence of CMV infection in infantile AIHA should be considered. Severe hemolysis is rare but could be a potentially life-threatening complication of CMV infection described mostly in immune compromised adults and children.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/06/11 | Accepted: 2014/06/11 | Published: 2014/06/11

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