Volume 5, Issue 1 (3-2015)                   Iran J Ped Hematol Oncol 2015, 5(1): 18-26 | Back to browse issues page

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Ahmadi M, Jahani S, Tabesh H, Poormansouri S, Shariati A. The Effectiveness of self management program on quality of life in patients with sickle cell disease. Iran J Ped Hematol Oncol. 2015; 5 (1) :18-26
URL: http://ijpho.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-192-en.html
Abstract:   (2070 Views)
Background Sickle cell patients suffer from many physical, psychological, and social problems that can affect their quality of life. To deal with this chronic condition and manage their disease and prevent complications associated with the disease, they must learn skills and behaviours. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of self-management programs on quality of life in these patients. Material and Methods Samples of this quasi-experimental study, which included 69 patients with sickle cell disease referring to the Thalassemia Clinic of Shafa Hospital, were entered into the study by census method. Patients received a self-management program using the 5A model for 12 weeks, while their quality of life before the intervention were assessed at the twelfth week and thirty-sixth week using SF-36 questionnaire. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, paired t-test, Wilcoxon test, Hotelling's T2, and repeated measures test. Results The eight dimensions and the total QoL score after intervention were significantly increased compared to those before the intervention (P<0.001). Repeated measures test showed that the mean score of eight QoL dimensions and the total QoL score decreased in the thirty-sixth week, compared to twelfth week. However, it was significantly enhanced in comparison with the intervention baseline (P<0.05). Conclusions Current study revealed the efficacy of self-management interventions on the quality of life in patients with sickle cell disease. Therefore, application of this supportive method could be useful to empower the patients and help them to manage the disease.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/03/1 | Accepted: 2015/03/1 | Published: 2015/03/1

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