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:: Volume 3, Number 1 (3-2013) ::
Iran J Ped Hematol Oncol 2013, 3(1): 34-29 Back to browse issues page
Premarital Screening of Beta Thalassemia Minor in north-east of Iran
MSc H Hashemizadeh , MSc R Noori
Abstract:   (2934 Views)
Abstract Background Beta thalassemia is a preventable disease. Iran has about 20,000Patients who are homozygote for β-thalassaemia and 3,750,000 carriers. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of beta thalassemia minor among men who underwent premarital screening in Quchana city in Khorasan Razavi region of Iran Materials and Methods This research is a descriptive cross-sectional study. From 2010 to 2011, all participants (1000) under marriage coming to health center of Quchan underwent routine mandatory tests. Participants were considered to have beta-thalassemia minor on the condition that hey had a mean corpuscular volume (MCV) <80fl and a mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) <27 pg and a hemoglobin A2 level >3.5%. Venous blood was taken into an EDTA tube and the complete blood count and red blood cell indices were measured with a Coulter automated cell counter. Electrophoresis was performed on cellulose acetate. Results Mean and SD of hemoglobin, MCV and MCH were 16±2.9, 91±4 and 28.4±2, respectively. Hemoglobin A2 Higher than 3.5 percent was reported as 3.5%.The prevalence of beta-thassemia minor with high hemoglobin A2 and microcytic hypochromic anemia was 3.5% (P-value). Conclusion In countries with high prevalence of hemoglobinopathies, a premarital screening program is helpful for identification and prevention of high-risk marriages. Detecting carrier couples with premarital screening program is an effective way of controlling thalassemia major.
Keywords: Key words Prevalence, beta-Thalassemia, Premarital Examinations
Full-Text [PDF 203 kb]   (1068 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2013/03/9
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Hashemizadeh H, Noori R. Premarital Screening of Beta Thalassemia Minor in north-east of Iran. Iran J Ped Hematol Oncol. 2013; 3 (1) :34-29
URL: http://ijpho.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-104-en.html
Volume 3, Number 1 (3-2013) Back to browse issues page
Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
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