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:: Volume 6, Number 4 (11-2016) ::
Iran J Ped Hematol Oncol 2016, 6(4): 249-260 Back to browse issues page
Assessment of Liver and Kidney Functional Parameters along with Oxidative Stress and Inflammatory Biomarker in Patients with β- Thalassemia Major
Dr Mehrnoosh Shanaki, Dr Hassan Ehteram, Ms Hajar Nasiri, Dr Mehdi Azad, Dr Fatemeh Kouhkan, Dr Reza Pakzad , Dr Naser Mobarra
PhD Metabolic Disorders Research Center, Department of biochemistry, School of Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
Abstract:   (1041 Views)

Abstract
Background:

Thalassemias are the most common inherited blood disorders caused by some mutations which can reduce the synthesis of globin chains. Iron overload and its organ deposition are responsible for functional abnormalities and tissue injury in patients who affected by β-thalassemia major. The aim of this case-control study was evaluation of hematological parameters, oxidative stress and some serum liver and kidney risk factors which play crucial role for early prediction and prevention of patients to end-stage tissue failure and mortality.
Materials and Methods:

the present study consisted of Fifty young adult subjects with β-thalassemia major (β- TM) (aged<18 years) and same number age and sex- matched healthy subjects as control group. Hematological and biochemical laboratory parameters included Urea, Creatinine, Uric Acid, Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST), Alanine transaminase (ALT), Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) (pars azmoon kit), oxidative stress biomarker PAB, giving a redox index (chemically), and serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were evaluated.
Results:

Urea, Creatinine and Uric Acid were significantly decreased in patients group (P<0.001); in spite of, serum ferritin, liver biomarkers AST, ALT, ALP and risk factor biomarker PAB were statistically increased in patients versus control group(P<0.001), whereas hs-CRP(P>0.05) was not significantly difference in study groups. Exception hs-CRP and PAB (P>0.05), liver risk factors had a positive correlation with ferritin and serum Urea, Creatinine and Uric Acid tests had negative meaningful with hematological parameters (P<0.001). Likewise, PAB with AST showed a positive correlation (P<0.001) and irreversibly with urea and creatinine (P<0.001). We did not find a slight correlation between hs-CRP in the company to hematological and biochemical laboratory finding (P>0.05).

Conclusion:

Higher level of risk factors PAB values and key liver enzyme profiles are able to involve in the prognostic pathological consequences in patients with β-thalassemia major. Even so, they contribute toward the gradual development of tissue injuries.

Keywords: Beta-Thalassemia Major, Kidney, Liver, Inflammatory, Oxidative Stress
Full-Text [PDF 401 kb]   (421 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/03/14 | Accepted: 2016/06/28 | Published: 2016/10/29
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Shanaki M, Ehteram H, Nasiri H, Azad M, Kouhkan F, Pakzad R et al . Assessment of Liver and Kidney Functional Parameters along with Oxidative Stress and Inflammatory Biomarker in Patients with β- Thalassemia Major. Iran J Ped Hematol Oncol. 2016; 6 (4) :249-260
URL: http://ijpho.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-274-en.html
Volume 6, Number 4 (11-2016) Back to browse issues page
Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
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