Volume 9, Issue 3 (6-2019)                   Iran J Ped Hematol Oncol 2019, 9(3): 166-172 | Back to browse issues page

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Darbandi B, Sajudi S, Aminzadeh V, Golshekan K, Hassanzadeh rad A, Baghersalimi A. Seizure following acute hemolysis caused by Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase Deficiency. Iran J Ped Hematol Oncol. 2019; 9 (3) :166-172
URL: http://ijpho.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-427-en.html
Pediatric Diseases Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
Abstract:   (1241 Views)
Background: Storage of platelet concentrates (PCs) at room temperature (20-24°C) limits its storage time to 5 Background: Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is the most common inherited enzyme deficiency of the human red blood cells . Most of G6PD deficient individuals are asymptomatic, but acute hemolytic anemia may be presented with nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, headache, jaundice, pallor, discoloration of the urine, chills, and fever. Seizure is reported as a rare symptom, as well. The present study aimed to investigate seizure following acute hemolysis caused by Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency.
Material and Methods:  This analytic cross-sectional study was conducted on all consecutive patients aged 1-12 years with G6PD deficiency hospitalized for hemolysis in 17 Shahrivar children hospital, Rasht, Iran, in 2016. Demographic characteristics and other variables such as place of inhabitants, type of drinking water, history of seizure in the patients and family, cause of hemolysis, hemoglobin level and hemoglobinuria on admission, and infection history prior to hemolysis were recorded. Data were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test and Fischer Exact Test.  P-value < 0.05 indicated statistical significance and data were assessed by SPSS (version 20).
Results:  The youngest patient was one year old and the oldest was 11 years old. Most of them were males (68.9%). Out of 244 patients, 8 ones (3.3%) experienced seizure. There was a significant correlation between seizure occurrence and family history of seizure (p=0.03) as well as fava bean consumption (p=0.019) as the causes of hemolysis; but not with infection as the cause of hemolysis, hemoglobin or hemoglobinuria level on admission, types of drinking water, place of living, and gender. Methemoglobinemia was considered as the main cause of the seizure.
Conclusion: Although the rate of seizure was not so high (3.3%), it seems that seizure can be a critical and potentially life-threatening complication in these patients. Environmental factors may also play a role in the pathogenesis of the seizure in these patients.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2018/12/8 | Accepted: 2019/04/14 | Published: 2019/06/25

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