Volume 9, Issue 4 (10-2019)                   Iran J Ped Hematol Oncol 2019, 9(4): 244-252 | Back to browse issues page


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Ghanavat M, Fazeli varzaneh A R, Reisi N. The Effect of Combination Iron Chelating Agents on Reducing the Severity Grading of Heart and Liver Iron Overload in β-Thalassemia Patients. Iran J Ped Hematol Oncol. 2019; 9 (4) :244-252
URL: http://ijpho.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-468-en.html
Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Child Growth and Development Research Center and Isfahan Immunodeficiency Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
Abstract:   (240 Views)
Background: Deferasirox (DFX), Deferoxamine (DFO), and Deferiprone (DFP) are iron chelators that can be used in thalassemic patients with iron overload.
Materials and Methods: This clinical trial was performed on 108 thalassemic patients who were randomly divided into group A (n=54) and B (n=54). Group A received combination of DFX and DFP, and group B received DFO and DFP for six months. Serum ferritin level was measured at the beginning of the study, 3, and 6 months after the treatment; The heart and liver iron deposition rates were also measured at the beginning of the study, and 6 months after the treatment  in both groups and compared using Magnetic Resonance Imaging T2 plus (MRI T2*).
Results: The mean age of patients in group A and B was 17.29±4.3 and 17.89±5.61 years old, respectively. Serum ferritin level significantly reduced after the treatment (Serum ferritin level at baseline, 3, and 6 months after the treatment in Group A: 2476.25±1289.32, 2089.62±1051.64 and 1290.22±724.78 ng/ml, respectively; in Group B: 2044.63±989.82, 1341.30±887.62 and 1229.41±701.22 ng/ml, respectively) (p<0.01, for both groups). MRI T2* heart and liver was also improved at the end of the study in both groups (p<0.01, for both groups). However, the combination of DFO/DFP significantly decreased severity grades of liver iron deposition in comparison to DFX/DFP regimen after six months (p<0.01).
Conclusion: The results of the present study indicated that both combination therapies of DFO/DFP and DFX/DFP could improve heart and liver MRI T2*. However, DFO/DFP combination therapy was more effective in reducing the severity grades of liver iron deposition.     
Full-Text [PDF 339 kb]   (57 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2019/05/17

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