Volume 11, Issue 1 (1-2021)                   Iran J Ped Hematol Oncol 2021, 11(1): 24-29 | Back to browse issues page


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Tjitra Sari T, Wulandari D, Sugianto A I. The correlation between zinc and monocyte phagocytosis in patients with major b-thalassemia. Iran J Ped Hematol Oncol. 2021; 11 (1) :24-29
URL: http://ijpho.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-604-en.html
Hematology-oncology Division, Department of Pediatrics, Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital – Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
Abstract:   (32 Views)
Background: Zinc depletion decreases monocyte functions and survival while excessive amount of zinc inhibits monocyte activation. Monocytes shift from conducting intercellular communication to becoming innate immune function as a response. This study aims to examine the influence of zinc status on the monocyte phagocytosis in patients with major beta-thalassemia.
Materials and Methods: This study was a randomized-placebo-controlled trial. The patients were randomly assigned into either the zinc-treated group using zinc gluconate 50mg daily or the placebo group. Analysis is based on the 12-weeks observation of the complete blood count, plasma zinc level, and phagocytosis level of monocytes. The phagocytic activity of monocytes was measured using atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) or x-ray fluorescence (XRF). The comparisons of the data within each group were analyzed using Mann-Whitney test.
Results: The results indicated no significant differences in patients’ characteristics; the level of plasma zinc at week 12 in the zinc-treated group (67.41+14.4) was significantly higher than the placebo group (54.37+9.38) (p=0.047). The phagocytosis levels of monocyte at week 12 in zinc-treated group (8.70+4.61) were higher than the placebo groups (8.23+4.22) (p=0.002). The ferritin level of zinc-treated group was higher than placebo group (p=0.084), while high level of ferritin is associated with higher level of monocyte phagocytic activity, the result is statistically significant (p=0.002). The results also showed that higher level of plasma zinc insignificantly correlates with lower phagocytic activity of the monocytes (p=0.059).
Conclusion: The immune mechanisms in response to zinc-deficient environment underlying the shifting between adaptive to innate immune response involves multiple molecular components of the immune system and have been attributed to specific features of -thalassemia, in which overall immune activity is decreased even though the phagocytic activity of monocytes is increased.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/02/11 | Accepted: 2020/12/5 | Published: 2020/12/20

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