Volume 12, Issue 1 (1-2022)                   Iran J Ped Hematol Oncol 2022, 12(1): 10-16 | Back to browse issues page


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Farhangfar S D, Fesahat F, Miresmaeili S M, Zare-Zardini H. Evaluating the blood toxicity of functionalized graphene-arginine with anticancer drug ginsenoside Rh2 in balb/c mouse model with breast cancer. Iran J Ped Hematol Oncol. 2022; 12 (1) :10-16
URL: http://ijpho.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-701-en.html
Hematology and Oncology Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
Abstract:   (360 Views)
Background: Gensenoside Rh2 is an anticancer drug with low toxicity and stability in the body. The aim of this study was to evaluate the blood toxicity of functionalized graphene-arginine with anticancer drug ginsenoside Rh2 in balb/c mouse model with breast cancer.
Materials and Methods: Graphene-Arginine (G-Arg) and Graphene-Arginine-ginsenoside Rh2 (G-Arg-Rh2) were synthesized using microwave method. For evaluation of blood toxicity, 32 mice with breast tumors were randomly divided into 4 groups: control (3mg/kg 6 mg/kg PBS sterile), group 1 (6 mg / kg ginsenoside), group 2 (3 mg / kg G-Arg), and group 3 (3 mg/kg G-Arg-Rh2). Treatment was done intravenously once every three days for 32 days. Finally, blood factors were also examined by sampling from the heart.
Results: Complete functionalization was proven by FTIR and Raman. Examination of blood factors showed that white blood cells had a very small increase. Anova test showed significant difference among four groups in term of WBC count (p=0.016). Pair sample T test showed that there was significant difference between control and group 1(p=0.036) and control and group 2 (p=0.036). There was no significant difference between control and group 3 (p=0.051). Other blood factors had no significant difference among examined groups (p>0.05).
Conclusion: Based on results, after treatment with all designed nanostructures, only white blood cells had a very small increase and inflammatory reactions were statistically similar in all groups. This indicates the high efficiency of designed drug.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/04/21 | Accepted: 2021/09/28 | Published: 2022/01/20

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