Volume 14, Issue 1 (1-2024)                   Iran J Ped Hematol Oncol 2024, 14(1): 74-77 | Back to browse issues page

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Ray S, Saikia D. Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia type I - A Case Report. Iran J Ped Hematol Oncol 2024; 14 (1) :74-77
URL: http://ijpho.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-602-en.html
Department of Paediatrics, Chacha Nehru BAL Chikitsalaya, Geeta Colony, Delhi, 110031, India
Abstract:   (341 Views)

Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia (CDA) is a rare disease globally. It is characterized by marked dyserythropoiesis as the name suggests. There are only a few hundred cases of Type- I CDA described sporadically. Here we are presenting two cases of CDA –I which were diagnosed based on a simple examination of bone marrow after ruling out common mimickers. One of our patients presented in the neonatal period while the other child presented at the age of six months. Bone marrow examination of both patients showed dyserythropoiesis, and binucleated erythroblasts with much of karyorrhexis. CDA- type II, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria was ruled out among other diseases. Genetic tests could not be done. After diagnosis, both patients were put on lifelong blood transfusion therapy and subsequently on iron chelation for treating iron overload secondary to repeated transfusion. Genetic counseling was done in both cases and a bone marrow transplantation option was offered to both families but could not be done due to the non-availability of matched donors and financial constraints. Both patients are still on regular follow-up from our center and growing well. Our case report highlights the fact that this rare entity of congenital dyserythropoietic anemia can be reliably diagnosed even in a resource-poor setting using a simple investigation of bone marrow examination.

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Type of Study: case report | Subject: General
Received: 2021/03/23 | Accepted: 2023/08/24 | Published: 2024/01/20

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