Volume 14, Issue 3 (7-2024)                   Iran J Ped Hematol Oncol 2024, 14(3): 196-204 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: No. 27 on 14/11/2023


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Muayad Mohammed Ali I, Ali Hussein A, Mustafa Salih Al-Musawi I. A retrospective survey on follow-up of splenectomy patients due to β-thalassemia and Sickle cell Anemia in Karbala, Iraq during 2010-2023. Iran J Ped Hematol Oncol 2024; 14 (3) :196-204
URL: http://ijpho.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-831-en.html
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Kerbala, Karbala, Iraq & Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Kerbala, Karbala, Iraq
Abstract:   (46 Views)
Background: Hemoglobinopathy is considered a common monogenetic genetic disorder worldwide. Splenectomy is considered a therapeutic strategy in patients with hemoglobinopathy. The aim of current study was to provide a survey on the splenectomy and 5 years follow-up in different clinical forms of β-thalassemia (intermedia, Major) and Sickle cell Anemia (SCA) patients who referred to Hereditary Blood Disease Center in the Karbala Teaching Hospital for Children in Karbala, Iraq.
Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study we tried to evaluate 126 hemoglobinopathy and thalassemia patients from Karbala City, Iraq. All cases of splenectomy due to hemoglobinopathy and thalassemia during 2010-2023 who referred to the Hereditary Blood Disease Center in the Karbala Teaching Hospital for Children in Karbala, Iraq were included. Patient data was collected at three-time points. The first was after the splenectomy, the second during 1-5 years, and the third step after 5 years.  Clinical and laboratory data were retrieved from the patient’s file.
Results: The mean age of splenectomy of included patients was 14.1±7.5 years. From 126 cases, 103 (81.74%) were β-Thalassemia, 13 (10.32%) were SCA, and 10 (7.94%) were Sickle cell beta-thalassemia. The mean age in SCA was significantly less than two other groups (mean age in β-Thalassemia, SCA and Sickle cell beta thalassemia were 18.2±8.7, 24.2±12.7 and 25.2±9.5, respectively) (p=0.008). Platelet and WBC count represents a significant increase during 1-5 years after splenectomy in comparison with 1 year after splenectomy (for Platelet and WBC p=0.03 and 0.001, respectively).
Conclusion: splenectomy is considered the last therapeutic option in hemoglobinopathy patients. All Hemoglobinopathy patients represented significant improvement after splenectomy. Because there was no suitable treatment in the past, splenectomy was considered a therapeutic solution. It should be said that periodic follow-up of splenectomy patients in hemoglobinopathy plays an important role in improving the management of these diseases.
Full-Text [PDF 444 kb]   (31 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Hematology
Received: 2024/01/20 | Accepted: 2024/06/2 | Published: 2024/07/20

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb